Jharkhand / Jharkand is the 28th state of the Indian Union. The state of Jharkhand, located in eastern India was carved out from the state of Bihar on November 15, 2000 with Ranchi as its capital. The date is important as it also marks the birth anniversary of the legendary Bhagwan Birsa Munda. Jharkhand shares its border with the states of Bihar to the north, Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh to the west, Orissa to the south, and West Bengal to the east.
Jharkhand spans an area of 79,700 km and the population of the state is over 26,909,428. Nearly seventy five percent of the population of the state is tribes. Sarhul is the most famous festival among the tribes. Forests and woodlands cover a significant 29 percent of the state. Asian elephant, tiger and bison are among the inhabitants of these forests. The main languages spoken in Jharkhand are Santhali, Mundari, Kurukh, Khortha, Nagpuria, Sadri, Khariya, Panchparagnia, Ho, Malto, Karmali, Hindi, Urdu, and Bangla.
The Chota Nagpur Plateau forms most of the area of Jharkhand. The plateau is the source of many rivers including Damodar, Koel and Subarnarekha. This area is also famous for its abundant mineral wealth - iron, coal, uranium, graphite, and magnate are among the minerals found here. Jharkhand is a mineral state and accounts for 40% of mineral wealth of India. The region accounts for 35.5% of the country's known coal reserves, 90% of its cooking coal deposits, 40% of its copper, 22% of its iron ore, 90% of its mica and huge deposits of bauxite, quartz and ceramics. Jharkhand is one the most industrialized regions of the country today. Jamshedpur, Bokaro and Ranchi are centers of heavy industry based on these mineral resources. Jamshedpur is the Industrial Capital of the state. Bokaro is also well known for its Iron and Steel. The extremely mineral-rich state of Jharkhand has the potential to be the economic powerhouse of India in no time.
One of the biggest tourist attractions in Jharkhand is its peaceful nature and blissful remoteness where time seems to have lost its pace and stood still for decades. Jharkhand is immensely abundant in thick verdant forests, plateaus, low rolling hills, ample scenic beauty and diversity, rare herbs, wildlife sanctuaries, precious minerals, placid backwaters, mountainous limpid lakes and rivers, spectacular waterfalls, etc. Jharkhand has both bustling towns and quiet pastoral villages, surrounded by pacific forests, plateaus, hills, coal mines, and Iron and Steel industries. It is a rich land of great scenic beauty, placid backwaters, refreshing and rejuvenating greenery, alien and exotic cultures, and winsome rustic simplicity. Travel Jharkhand will introduce you to some of the most romantic and peaceful idyllic hill stations like the Netarhat region; awe-inspiring waterfall like the gushing Lodh Falls and the Hundru Falls; and the traditional tribal villages that offer a perfect feel of the ancient village life.
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